Incorporating The Teaching Of Functional Skills Into Special Education Classroom Curriculum

There are many ways to incorporate functional skills into the everyday curriculum of the classroom. Here are just a few examples to give you some ideas about how you can incorporate these skills into your classroom.

First, it is important to decide what functional skills the students will need to know. Next step is to break down functional skills into small achievable steps. Sometimes the student will need to know some basic skills to begin with, for example: addition when learning money skills. As a general rule, it is important to use everyday materials and resources as often as possible. This will allow the student to learn the skill in context, making it easier for them to apply the new skill.

Let’s look at some reading and math activities to see how functional skills can be taught using common everyday material.

Reading

Think about what words or types of reading that your student will need to know to help them learn a particular functional skill. The student may need to know basic sight words in order to get around in the community, shop at the local store or order food at a restaurant.

1. Using the local grocery store ads is a wonderful and free way to teach food sight words! The grocery store ads have a colored picture of the food along with the word. This helps the student associate the word with the actual food item.

2. Use local maps to teach the names of the streets, the name of local community facilities like the library, schools or recreation center. The student could also practice reading and following directions with the use of the local maps.

3. Get paper copies of the menus from local restaurants that the students will most likely visit (even the fast food restaurants typically have a paper menu available). Teach the students how menus are typically divided into different sections along with the common sight words they will need to know from the menus.

Math

Think about what functional skills the students will need to acquire involving the use of math skills. Maybe they will need to purchase items for the store, cook from a recipe or learn the concepts of greater than and less than.

1. Using the grocery store ads can be very helpful with this skill also. The student can find the prices of certain food items, practice writing and adding the prices together.

2. The use actual money allows the student to practice identifying the different coins and adding up various amounts of change.

3. Have the students bake a loaf of bread using a bread making machine. They will be able to practice reading recipes, measuring ingredients and learn the concept of fractions. As an added benefit they will be rewarded as they get to enjoy some fresh bread!

4. Using store ads the student can learn the concept of greater than and less than by “shopping” for an item in the ad that costs less than $1, $5, or $10.

It is easy to incorporate teaching functional skills into the everyday academics curriculum of the classroom. Decide first what functional skills the students will need to learn. Break down the skill into small achievable steps. Use material and resources that are available in the students’ community in order to help assist the student in the learning and then applying their new skills. The students will enjoy learning these new functional skills because they will be able to see the relevance of applying these activities into their everyday lives.

For Special Education Students – Four Strategies to Succeed in College

College success occurs as a result of effective academic, communication, and social skills. This presents a challenge to mainstream students but can often cause the demise of students with learning disabilities. Fret not, however. Rather than dwell on the difficulties you experience with these skills, concentrate on practicing the strategies below to overcome these challenges. Without further ado, here are four skills you need to master to achieve college success.

Associating with Professors

• Introduce yourself to your professors, so they can associate your name with a face. Make an effort to speak with the professor privately, especially, if you are struggling in the class.

• Take advantage of the opportunity to utilize professors’ office hours. One of the prime purposes for office hours is to help students.

• Avoid irritants to professors such as:

– Sleeping in Class
– Not attending Class
– Not reading syllabus
– Lack of responsibility
– Excuses and not meeting deadlines
– Insincere brown nosing

• Do not hesitate to ask professors for copies of old exams to practice studying. The questions may change, but usually the style of the exam remains the same..

Managing Your Time

• Quickly learn to say NO to distractions of all kinds (movies, partying, overeating, game playing, etc…). It is the mature decision to avoid activities that sabotage your progress.

• Daylight hours are the best time to study and retain information.

• Study for short, frequent sessions to assure that your concentration remains at 100%..

• Try multi-tasking to squeeze in more study time. For example, commuting time is ideal for getting in extra study time effortlessly. Keep a lecture tape in your car. Listen or use earphones when on the bus, train or car pool. While doing laundry, listen to your study tapes.

• Allow 2 – 3 hours of work and/or studying for every hour you spend in class.

• PRIORITIZE – Use a daily list of what you need to study; Set times for each item and keep with it rigorously.

Exercise Your Brain Capacity

What can you remember?

• Study the big picture, then learn the details. Memorize from general information to specific details. Picture a funnel with its wide circle down to the narrowed tip. Learn and memorize the large general concept (the whole picture outlook) and then narrow down to the details.

• Cramming is a waste of time because studying is done long past attention has expired. Cramming may be sufficient to get information into your short-term memory, but that information is likely to evaporate due to nervousness that can accompany an exam. The information sent to your short-term memory will not last until the final exam unless practiced at regular intervals.

• Why do we forget pieces of information?

1. We do not use the information often enough.
2. Information not learned or studied properly
3. Confusion with other subject matter
4. Decide that the information does not parallel what we believe

• Steps to Remember

1. Pay attention! Consciously choose to remember. Be Interested! Establish a need to retain the information.
2. Take a picture in your mind of what you need to learn. Visualize.
3. Connect and form associations between the new material and information of ideas, persons, places, and things that you already know.
4. Repetition is the best way to over-learn and recall information. Translating information into your own words results in retention.

Take Notes

• Fundamentals

1. Use loose leaf notebook divided into subject sections
2. Title and date each sheet of loose leaf paper as you use it
3. Brief, clear notes are more effective than profuse explanations
4. Consolidate your old lecture notes into a new set of notes or outline.

• Lectures

1. Avoid distractions by sitting near the front of the class.
2. Concentrate on the main points of what is being presented. Take notes and put them into your own words later.
3. Ask questions on what is not clear to you.
4. To aid retention, review your lecture notes within 24 hours.

While college life is fun, remember the primary reason you are there: to work hard and learn for the purpose of expanding your future options. You are the key to your own success. If you use your resources properly and utilize tips and strategies to compensate for your weaknesses, you are likely to experience smooth sailing, with the occasional rough wave, during your college experience.

Share Your Knowledge With a Special Education Lesson Plan

Give a man a fish and feed him for a day. Teach a man how to fish and feed him for a life time. Education from school will get you job that will feed you daily but we want to give you a continuing education that will teach you how to use your knowledge to feed yourself and your family for a life time.

Knowledge is power, your skills are YOUR power; and no on else’s. It’s not your boss’s power and it’s not’s the owner of the company that you work for. So stop using it to feed them only and start using it for yourself and your love ones. Your knowledge and your skills are like your fishing sprout; with it, you could go out there and deep it in the sea of the universe and let the fish come to you. You could use that beautiful mind of yours and put it out there; share it with other great mind and people that are looking for it. Yes! You are worth so mush more then you think, I’m sure that you know something and have answer to someone’s question out there. And that person is desperately looking for you to help him, inform him or guide him to the solution. But your fishing sprout that hold the solution that will help them solve their problem is no where to be find. Ho yeah I know where it is, in your boss’ ocean catching fish for him.

We have a cousin that just graduated in dentistry. He have been going to school and worked hard to get there. We are so proud of him. He Just started is first job as a dentist in a clinic in Miami and Wisler had set up an appointment with him to get his teeth check. As Wisler was getting excellent service from his private dentist, he was bombarding our cousin with question about how to better take care of his teeth. Wisler was amazed with the baggage of information that our cousin was providing him with. He knows everything you need to know about what is going on in your mouth and why. We understand the importance of an education; it’s because of the education that he had received at school that he was able to get all this knowledge. Don’t you think that there are people out there that are face with a mouth situation and need information, tips, advice and guidance to respond to their mouth situation issue or concern, without running to see a dentist right there and then? It happen all the time, we are in the information age, people want to know before they make a move or take a decision, and they want to know now!! Understanding the secret on how to share our knowledge to them is what’s going to make you move forward.

You could get up everyday, and go to the same spot to get your fish and from time to time change the spot if you don’t get along with the others who comes to get their fish too, or if you thing you are not getting enough fish at that spot. It doesn’t matter because if you don’t get up very day to go get that fish, you will not eat and you will not be able to feed your family. Or, you could choose to become your own fish provider. For that you have to change your life style and develop rich habits that will replace the old one that are not getting you ahead.

That’s not it; you cannot just go out there like you are the best fisher man in town. You could actually waist a lot of time and energy and catch no fish or not enough. You have to learn the right techniques, get the best training, the right equipment, the right instructor etc… You could even make a research on what kind of fish you want to get and where you could find them. All that makes you more effective to get the results you want.

We truly believe that there is something special and unique about each person. But we live in such competitive world that we focus more on finding everything that is wrong with the other instead of searching the good and values that the other have that we could share and exchange with them to live in harmony and peace. Everyone knows something that can be valuable to another; everyone has something good to offer and to share. We want to help you expand and exploit the best of you.

4 Ways to Use Least Restrictive Environment in Special Education, to Benefit Your Child

Do you have a child with autism, or a learning disability that is in a regular classroom? Do you have a child with another disability that is in a self contained classroom, and you would like them to receive some mainstreaming? This article will discuss the individuals with disabilities education act (IDEA) requirements, for least restrictive environment (LRE), and how you can use them to benefit your child’s education.

IDEA states: “To the maximum extent appropriate, children with disabilities . . . are educated with children who are non disabled.” What this means is that children with disabilities, have the right to be educated with children without disabilities.

IDEA also states: “Special classes, separate schooling or other removal of children with disabilities from the regular educational environment occurs only if the nature and severity of the disability is such that education in regular classes with the use of supplementary aids and services cannot be achieved satisfactorily.”

IDEA requires a continuum of placement options. These options start in the regular classroom go to a special class, special school, hospital program etc.

Ways to use LRE to help your child:

1. Use the requirements of LRE, to gain access for your child to the regular classroom curriculum. Many studies have shown that children with disabilities that have access to the regular education curriculum, do better in their education. LRE requires that placement option discussions need to start at the regular classroom, and then become more restrictive, as the child’s disability warrants.

2.If your child requires a self contained placement, use the requirements of LRE to help them receive mainstreaming. When a child is young 5-9 years, there are a lot of opportunities for interaction with non disabled children. Lunch, recess, arts and crafts, music, special parties or projects. Children with behavioral issues can learn appropriate behavior by having contact with non disabled children.

3. Use the LRE requirements of IDEA to get your child a placement other than the regular classroom, if their educational needs require it. Many school districts only offer an inclusive (regular education) placement; which they are not allowed to do under the “continuum of placement options” in IDEA.

4. Use the LRE requirements of IDEA to get your child “supplementary aids and services” that will help your child succeed in the regular classroom. These aids and services can be anything that your child needs in order to benefit from a regular classroom placement. For Example: A classroom aide, an individual aide, shorter assignments, tape recorder, modified curriculum, modified or shorter tests, ability to take tests verbally, etc. The list is endless, just depends on your child’s educational needs.

By knowing the least restrictive environment requirements, you will be able to successfully advocate for the placement that will meet your child’s educational needs. Remember that LRE is different for each child, depending on their disability and needs.

Thousands of Students Are Wrongly Labeled As Having Special Educational Needs

Schools only teach one way, until this can be changed certain children are always going to be labeled as special needs. Different learners are often labeled as having learning difficulties.

This report, from the UK, states that 25% of children labeled as in need of special education would not be so labeled if schools focused more on teaching all types of learners. I suspect that this result would apply to almost any education system where teachers have so many children in class that they cannot find time to accommodate to different learning styles. It would also apply where teachers are not trained in how to teach children with different learning styles.

Scary!

One parent, responding to the report, said that she had been told that her daughter was to be assessed as her teacher believes that she has special learning needs. However, her family, three of whom are teachers themselves, do not share this view. As the mother points out, there are 3 students in her daughter’s class and she wonders if this could be a contributing factor to the teacher’s inability to deal with her daughters learning style.

Another mother spoke of how she had to battle to get her son diagnosed as dyslexic, despite the fact that he was over three years behind in his school work. Then, once her son got the designation that would get him extra help form the school she was told that there was no teacher with the qualifications to help her son and that she had to find another school for him.

It can be hard to stop children being wrongly diagnosed as having a learning problem and it can be just as hard getting a child a diagnosis when you think he needs one.

It would be too easy to blame the teachers, I am sure that they are trying to do their best for the children concerned. But these situations could have been avoided if parents and teachers were working together to help children learn, if parents and teachers were sharing thoughts and ideas and understanding more about how children learn and how to give them the support they need.

Specialized Educational Program for Children With Developmental Disabilities

School is a part of growing up every person should go through. If you are a parent with a child clinically proven to have developmental disabilities, do not lose hope. They can still experience childhood as another child without disabilities would. There are many government and local laws that support their right to education, and as a parent you need to be aware of those regulations to be guided. Apart from knowing the laws regarding education for your child, look for non-profit organizations dedicated to children and adults with disabilities in your location. Having a short talk with them can open your eyes to all the possibilities you can give your child.

As your child becomes a young adult, they need to be guided in all aspects of their lives. An organization that offers well-rounded education and a freedom of choice is an ideal option for your child. A number of non-profit organizations in the country offer pre-school and community school services for children with disabilities. They work with local government offices to help them maximize their efforts and create more opportunities for children. One example is the early intervention services implemented for children ages 0-3 and special education for children ages 3-21. Because of these efforts, children were able to enter public school programs as pre-schoolers since they meet the eligibility criteria.

There is another kind of pre-school program that combines children with and without disabilities in one classroom. The interaction happening in this setup between peer groups creates a mentoring system among the children, helping them foster both social and educational growth. The introduction of children with autism to children without developmental disabilities in their early education prepares the children with autism for the next stage of their education, kindergarten classes. Before you let your child experience this, ensure that your chosen organization gives their students one-to-one and group instruction, and with a curriculum approved by the Department of Education in your state.

Apart from pre-school services, non-profit organizations for children with disabilities also have community schools that provide educational services for those who would like to receive it or for those who are unable to attend offsite schooling. Students attending in such community schools must receive a goal-oriented and modified school curriculum promoting development and learning while meeting the academic content standards of your state.

Your chosen community school must provide educational services from kindergarten through the 12th grade. Students must have the following in their areas of study: English language arts, science, math, and social studies. Schools would usually expose their students to grade-appropriate curriculum by means of adaptive equipment, multimedia, and a multidisciplinary staff.

These schools allow your child to engage in a multitude of activities to stimulate their development. Children with disabilities will be able to have access to the playground, pool room, sensory walk, and multisensory room. Their daily schedules incorporate the abilities and skill level of your child.

Coordinating with your local government can give you more information about the options available for your child. Many parents have fought for their children’s rights to education in the hopes of giving them a better future. Their efforts have made it easier for children with developmental disabilities today.